Many modern code hosting platforms (e.g. GitHub and GitLab) parse commit messages to do something smart with them. The most common is probably to look for references to an issue number and create a link or close the issue. For example: “Fixes #37”. Commit messages can also be used to notify or reference other users. For example: “I think @funnelfiasco broke it. Again.”
These automated actions have a lot of utility. They simplify the communication process. Manually linking to issues, users, etc would be a pain, which means it would never happen. This hurts not only the project developers, but also the users trying to dive into troubleshooting a problem.
But it’s not all candy and rainbows. As an example, a coworker removed the “deprecated” decorator from some Python code. His commit message included “un-@deprecated”. Our GitLab instance saw the “@” and decided to add the “deprecated” group to the issue. That added the entire engineering and operations teams to the issue.
The obvious solution is to require a more explicit markup than a single character. Something like “HEYDOTHIS-NOTIFY-funnelfiasco” reduces the possibility of accidentally triggering an action. On the other hand, it’s a giant pain in the ass. This, as above, means it’s likely to not be used. Even if it is still used, manual syntax is prone to error.
So what’s the answer? I don’t have a good solution. Projects parse commit messages on a daily basis to simplify workflows and improve communication. The Asterisk community, as an example, uses more than just simple tagging. The drawbacks are mostly nuisance at this point, and I don’t think they outweigh the benefits.
What might change my mind is if commit message parsing could be used to execute arbitrary code on the server. If several vulnerabilities align in just the right way, I suppose it’s a theoretical possibility. Of course, people you trust with commit access to the repo could do damage the old fashioned way. But it would be an attack vector for pull requests, albeit an amusing one. “Hey, I improved your project with this code, but my commit message also will add your server to my botnet if you merge it.”